Understanding CPAP devices and Masks

Understanding CPAP devices and Masks

Posted by CPAP Indo

Treating your sleep apnea will positively impact your life by increasing your energy, alertness, and overall happiness. Begin a healthier, happier life with sleep therapy.

CPAP stand for Continuous Positive Airway Pressure. CPAP therapy is consider the "Gold Standard' for treating obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and has been available for 30 years. 

The most common CPAP machine is Auto CPAP and Auto BiPAP. The machine will be connected to a mask and it delivers a gentle stream of pressurized air as a kind of 'pneumatic splint' to help prevent your airway from obstructing during sleep.

CPAP Therapy not only improves your quality of sleep and overall well being. it also reduces the chances of developing chronic illness such as high blood pressure, diabetes, heart problem, stroke and etc.

What is Auto CPAP and Auto BiPAP?

Auto-adjusting mean the device will auto adjust the pressure within the range of pressure that was set up by your therapy consultant. 

 In Auto-CPAP the pressure will deliver a steady continuous of pressurized air according to your demand. But some user feels that it has hard to exhale when the pressure increases


 In Auto-BiPAP, the device will detect your needs on Inhaling and Exhaling. Making it easier to exhale when the pressure increase. Therefore you will see 2 different line of pressure in the compliance report.

All PAP device records your therapy on the pressure flow, events, therapy hours, mask fit. With these information, your therapy consultant will be able to advice the condition of your therapy and to fine tune your therapy setting.


 Getting the right mask is important to have a successful PAP therapy. Masks come in different design, type and sizes to fit individual needs. 

A experienced therapy consultant will assist you in select the best suitable mask for your PAP therapy. 


Mask are usually classified into 3 different type;

 1. Nasal Mask

The nasal CPAP mask covers your patient's nose from the bridge to their upper lip area. This delivers an indirect airflow to the airway via the nasal mask and works well for patients who need higher pressure settings.

Who should use a nasal mask;

  • Move around in their sleep a lot.
  • Need a higher pressure setting on their CPAP machine.
  • Want a good selection of mask options they can pick from.
  • Prefer a more natural airflow.

2. Nasal Pillow Mask 

Nasal pillows are a compact and lightweight option for your patient with designs that allow minimal contact with their face. They work best with prescriptions of low-to moderate pressure settings, since airflow that is direct to the nostrils may be uncomfortable at high settings.

Who should use a nasal pillow mask;

  • Toss and turn in their sleep.
  • Experience claustrophobia when wearing larger masks.
  • Breathe through their nose.
  • Have a lot of facial hair.

3. Full Face Mask 

Unlike nasal masks and nasal pillows that seal on the nose exclusively, the full face mask covers your patient’s mouth and nose. They cover a larger area of your patient's face to create a CPAP seal over both airways. Although some patients may find the bulky size of these masks a bit uncomfortable, they're the perfect solution for those patients that require higher pressures or if they breathe through their mouth.

Who should use full face mask;
  • Breathe through their mouth primarily.
  • Need a high-pressure CPAP setting.
  • Have allergies or other medical issues that make it difficult for them to breathe through their nose.
  • Sleep on their back.


At Indo Medika Nusantara (IMN), we provider comprehensive sleep solution service from Home Sleep Test, CPAP Therapy Set to Therapy Long Term Management. 

In CPAP Therapy Set Up, our Therapy Consultant provides a 45mins -60mins therapy coaching from mask fitting to personalize 'PAP' clinical set up.

Contact us today to make an appointment. 


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